The Clove tree (Caryophylus C.) is an evergreen which grows to a height ranging from 8 to 12m, having large square leaves and sanguine flowers in numerous groups of terminal clusters. The flower buds are at first of a pale color and gradually become green, after which they develop into bright red, when they are ready for collecting. Cloves are harvested when 1.5 to 2 cm long, and consist of a long calyx, terminating in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals which form a small ball in the center. Cloves are strong, pungent, and sweet.
Ground Cloves add spicy depth to gingerbread, cookies, muffins, cakes, and other sweets. It's secret ingredient in barbecue and cocktail sauces. Sri Lanka Cloves command a premium price in the world market for its quality and consistency.