Mangoes species mangifera indica, member of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae), one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world, considered indigenous to eastern Asia. The fruit varies greatly in size and character; the smallest mangoes are no larger than plums, while others may weight 1.8 to 2.3 kg (4 to 5 pounds). Its form is oval, round, heart - shaped, kidney-shaped, or long and slender. Some varieties are vividly colored with shades of red and yellow, while others are dull green. The single large seed s flattened, and the flesh that surrounds it is yellow to orange in color, juicy, and distinctive spicy flavor. Mangoes are a rich source of vitamin A, C, and D.
The mangoes does not require any particular soil, but the fine varieties yield good crops only where there is a well - marked dry season to stimulate fruit production. In rainy areas a fungus disease known as anthracnose destroy flowers and young fruits and difficult to control. Propagation is by grafting or budding. Inarching, or approach grafting (in which a scion and stock of independently rotted plants are grafted, and the scion later severed from its original stock). Is widely practiced in tropical Asia but is tedious and relatively expensive.