Hanuman is the monkey god of Hindu mythology and one of the most fascinating characters in the Hindu pantheon. Regarded as the patron of learning, he is the representation of the force of life as man struggles to exist.
The son of the god of the winds, Vayu, Hanuman is famous for his role as the leader of the monkey army that rescued the god-king Rama's wife, Sita, from the demon-king Ravana. While Rama was locked in battle with Ravana, Hanuman discovered the whereabouts of Sita on the island of Lanka, Ravana's kingdom.
The monkey god is also seen as a great protector. Small pamphlets named Hanuman-Calisa (Forty Verses about Hanuman) are used as talismans and powerful verses are used in order to exorcise demons. His worship protects devotees due to his characteristic of extraordinary strength. Due to his attributes, the objects of the worship of Hanuman are protection, strength and health, and holiness or purity in this order.