The history of Bikaner goes back to 1488 when a Rathore Prince, Rao Bikaji founded his kingdom here after he was provoked by an insensitive remark by his father. He was the second son of the illustrious founder of Jodhpur, Rao Jodhaji. Rao Bikaji focussed on the barren wild area of Jangladesh which he transformed into an extraordinary city. This principality was turned into a princely state by the foresight of Maharaja Ganga Singh who saw to it that Bikaner developed into a modern city. The location of Bikaner on the medieval trade route worked to its advantage and the place soon became a prime trade centre. The city is set on a slightly raised ground and is surrounded by a seven km long wall that turns it into a castle. Bikaner is also called the Camel Country for it is the home to the largest camel research and breeding farm in the world.
» Lalgarh Palace : It is a masterpiece in red sandstone which was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh in memory of his father Maharaja Lal Singhji. This grand palace was designed by Sir Swinton Jacob. The architecture of the building is a blend of the Rajput, Mughal and European architecture.
» Junagarh Fort : The Junagarh Fort was built by Raja Rai Singh, one of the prominent generals in the Mughal Emperor Akbar's army. Encircled by a moat, this fort is a formidable construction which stands unconquered till this date.
» Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary : Located at the distance of 32 km from Bikaner on the Jaisalmer Road, the Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary is known for being the habitat of wildfowl, hares, wild boar, desert foxes and antelopes. There is a beautiful lake within the sanctuary which is surrounded by dense forests.
» Deshnok Temple : Also known as the Karni Mata temple, the Deshnok temple is located in a small village called Deshnok. It is believed that Karni Mata was an incarnation of Goddess Durga who performed many miracles here.
Staying in Bikaner
Apart from the attractive tourism destinations of the place, the city of Bikaner make every effort to ensure that your stay here is a joyful one even in terms of accommodation. The heritage hotels of Bikaner are known for pampering their guests with royal treatment. The city also provides you with three star, two star hotels as well as budget accommodation. Some of the prominent hotels of Bikaner are Laxmi Niwas Palace, Basant Bihar, Raj Vilas Palace and Harasar Haveli.
Shopping in Bikaner
Since Bikaner never fails to surprise you with unique items in its markets, the place may also be referred to as a shopper's paradise. The famous shopping areas of Bikaner are Kote Gate and Junagarh Fort. Some of the popular items of Bikaner are Mojari, Rangi dupatta, Kundan work and wooden antiques among other things.
Jodhpur is the nearest airport from Bikaner, though you can also use the Jaipur airport as it is very well connected with all the major cities of India. Bikaner is well connected by railway network to all the major cities of India. The route of the luxury train Palace on Wheels also has Bikaner on its map. Bikaner is connected to all the major cities by national and state highways as well.