Caustic Soda, also known as Sodium Hydroxide, forms a strong alkaline solution when dissolved in water. ICL produces Caustic Soda in the form of flakes, solid, liquid (31% and 50% concentration). In solid form, it is hygroscopic and as such readily absorbs water from the air. Hence, it is stored in airtight containers.
Caustic Soda is used in a wide variety of industrial applications. It is used as a reactant for the manufacturing of other sodium components, which themselves may be intermediate or end- use products, such as Sodium Hypochlorite, having its use as a household Bleach and Disinfectant and Sodium Phenolate, required for making antiseptics and for the manufacturing. It is used in the manufacturing process of Soaps and Surfactants used in soap powders and also in the Textile Industry to remove containments. As a bleach, it is used in the treatment of scoured cloth and to improve luster and dye absorption.