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Who is NRI? An Indian abroad is popularly known as Non-Resident Indian (NRI). NRI status is legally defined under the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 and the Income-tax Act, 1961 for applicability of respective laws.
Non resident under FEMA 1999
Person resident outside India means a person who is not resident in India.
Person resident in India means
Non resident under Income-tax Act, 1961
- A person residing in India for more than one hundred and eighty-two days during the course of the preceding financial year but does not include :
- person who has gone out of India or who stays outside
India, in either case
- For or on taking up employment outside India, or
- For carrying on outside India a business or vocation outside India, or
- for any other purpose, in such circumstances as would indicate his intention to stay outside India for an uncertain period
- A person who has come to or stays in India, in either case, otherwise than
- For or on taking up employment in India, or
- For carrying on in India a business or vocation in India, or
- For any other purpose, in such circumstances as would indicate his intention to stay in India for an uncertain period
- Any person or body corporate registered or incorporated in India,
- An office, branch or agency in India owned or controlled by a person resident outside India,
- An office, branch or agency outside India owned or controlled by a person resident in India;
We prove various NRI service India like NRI financial services, NRI legal services. The term non-resident is negatively defined under section 6 of the Income-tax Act, 1961. An individual who is not a resident under the Income-tax Act is a non-resident. The residential status of an Individual is determined based on the number of days of stay in India. Financial year (FY) is April to March.
For the purposes of levy of tax, the Income-tax Act in India has classified the status of an individual assesses into three viz.
- Resident and ordinarily resident (ROR)
- Resident but not ordinarily resident (R but NOR)
- Non-resident (NR)
The definition is explained in simple terms as under.
* Not applicable to a resident going outside India for employment, a resident who leaves India as a member of crew of an Indian ship, an Indian citizen or person of Indian origin who is abroad and comes to India for a visit i.e. if such a person stays in India for less than 182 days, he would be a non-resident.
Non-citizens of India should only use this form (i.e. Form 49AA) for submitting application for allotment of PAN. However, a Qualified Foreign Investor (QFI) has to apply for PAN in Form 49AA through a Depository Participant only.
In the case of a ROR, his global income is taxed in India. Normally a returning Indian would be assessed as RNOR on his return to India.
In the case of a Non-resident, only the income earned or received in India is taxed in India. Accordingly, income earned outside India by him would not be taxable in India.
A Person of Indian Origin (PIO) PIO means an individual (not being a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh or Sir Lanka or Afghanistan or China or Iran or Nepal or Bhutan) who
- at any time, held an Indian Passport or
- who or either of whose father or mother or whose grandfather or grandmother was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955).