From 10 to 12 million of people are being infected annually with lice in the United States of America. Crucially, it’s considered the most diffuse lesion in the world, since it can simply spread from one person to another by immediate connection or by using the other's private stuff such as the hair comb, cap, and bed.
Lice can rapidly spread between children more than adults and it is not considered as a serious disease but it can cause itches and irritation and might develop to another complication if not treated seriously.
Sab compound is characterized with the following:
- High activity of killing Lice.
- High activity of killing nits.
- Easily applied.
- Need only 10 to 20 minutes to kill lice and nits.
- It has an acceptable smell.
- Considered as the safest product composition on health.
malathion 1% (USP grade)in a shampoo base and fragrance.
Malathion which is included in Shampoo Sab, considered the most utilize substances for killing lice and nits. It’s used in UK and the rest countries since 1971 for the following reasons:
1- Scientific research has proved that Malathion is the safest material on health when applied for children.
2- Malathion is considered the most active substance for killing nits and this is what most of other compositions lack.
Comparison of the Malathion’s toxicity with other substances used in lice treatment according to WHO
Material Oral toxicity
(LD 50 mg/kg oral) Toxicity Classification according to WHO
Malathion: 2100 SLIGHTLY HAZARDOUS
Deltametrin: 13 MODERATLEY HAZARDOUS
Lindan: 88 MODERATLEY HAZARDOUS
Permethrin: 500 MODERATLEY HAZARDOUS
Pyrethrin: 1000-500 MODERATLEY HAZARDOUS
- Benzyl Benzoate doesn’t kill the nits and it affects the central nervous system.
- Lindan is considered of soft efficient on the nits and it affects the central nervous system and cause nerve attack.
- Malathion promptly brake up in human body by Carboxyl Esterase and Phosphates and thrown out of the body by the urine.
Sab shampoo contain 1% malathion, whereas the package contains 80ml of Sab shampoo which is 0.8 g of malathion and comparing this with the toxicity chart we find out that the oral toxicity dose is twice and a half of what shampoo Sab contains, and this is an evident that Sab doesn’t include any toxin (Note: malathion toxicity that is applied on the skin is 4200 mg/kg (WHO) and that is five times higher than what sab package include).
Dosage and administration:
1. Rub the cleaned wet hair with 5 ml of Sab (the quantity vary according to hair length and capacity) to reach the hair roots especially up and behind the neck and behind the ears.
2. Sprinkle the hair with warm water and scrub it softly until foam came out, then leave it on the head from 5 to 10 minutes.
3. Wash the hair completely with water.
4. Repeat the above mentioned first stage for a second time.
5. Wash it thoroughly with water.
6. Use the thin comb to remove lice and nits leftover that is stuck to hair.