The General Rules to take into consideration to breed Healthy Calf
1- Calf must be fed by mouth milk (colostrums) in 3-4 hours after a birth. The amount must be %10 of calf's body weight and must be given as 2-3 meals per day.
2- The calf must be separated from their mothers not more than 24 hours after a birth and put in a separate place. This helps carves to have own immunities.
3- the temperature of the shelter must not be more than 16 (Celsius) degrees. The pad must be clean and dry. All kind of hygiene must be taken into consideration (Baby soother, Bucket, Keeper).
4- The calf must drink fresh and clean water after 4. day.
5- Calf may always drink water except the first two (2) hours after feeding.
6-The places that calf are sheltered, must not be crowd. Living space for each calf must be minimum 2.2 square meters.
7- Water-saturated silages and fresh pastures limits feed consumption are caused to affect growing negatively, Because of this reason, it’s not recommended to feed calf not more than age of 3 months.
In order to get 1 lt. calf feed, 125 g (approximately an amount of 2 and a half teacup) is put in a case and mixed fastly with hot water of ½ lt at 50 C degrees till it gets a homogenous shape. Afterwards, some cold water is added in to complete the mix to 1 lt and it will be remixed again. The calf must drink the calf feed at 38 C degrees.
When is the Right Time for Delectation of Calf?
The right time for delectation of Calf starts from the age of 3-4 weeks, and endures till the age of 6-12 weeks. The factors to affect this period: Growing speed of a calf, increase of starter feed consumption and dried herb eating habits. If the starter feed consumption of a Calf reaches at 450-500gr limits and calf is get used to eat dried herbs a little bit, then calf leaves milk addiction, in other words calf is at delectation age
Calf feed must be made up by water of 50 C degrees and must be at 38 C degrees when it's ready to be eaten. Calf may drink the prepared feed in baby soother or large case. However, baby soother seems more suitable for this action, since it's simulative feature for digestive system liquids of an calve. Drinking action on open cases may cause to occur digestive system disorders. This is much more significant for young calves. If a calf is fed by mother on the first day, it's so hard to get used to drink in the bucket. Baby soother makes it easy for them to drink.