biofuel is an alternative fuel made from renewable resources. Palm biodiesel is a biofuel and refers to methyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from palm oil. It has a high cetane number and can be used in compression ignition engines (diesel engines) without modification to the engines. The use of methyl esters as diesel fuel has already achieved widespread acceptance especially in europe.
with the depletion of fossil fuels and the current worldwide efforts to address the issue of global warming, palm biodiesel has a definite advantage over mineral diesel as palm biodiesel is made from renewable resources and is more environmental-friendly. It produces lower amounts of greenhouse gases and other air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. It is also a safer fuel than mineral diesel due to its high flash point.
the malaysian palm oil board (mpob) has conducted extensive research and development in the field of palm biodiesel production and its use as mineral diesel substitute. Numerous exhaustive field trials with promising results were conducted on trains, taxis and commercial buses, the latter in collaboration with mercedes benz. The field trials showed that engines designed for operation with mineral diesel could just as well be operated with neat palm biodiesel or a blend in any proportion of palm biodiesel and mineral diesel.