All forms of life rely on an active hydrosphere and human beings are particularly interested in the fresh water hydrosphere as the rivers are of immense importance geologically, biologically, historically and culturally. Water quality monitoring is one of the first steps required in the rational development and management of water resources to maintain their wholesomeness and pristine.
In the field of water quality management, there has been a steady evolution in procedures for designing system for the designated best use. The monitoring comprises all activities to obtain information, including water characteristics, with respect to the water system.
It is a fact that the natural water courses are exposed to variety of pollution at various degrees; hence it becomes essential to measure the suspected contaminants for their management.
|Barium||Faecal coliforms||Reactive silica|
|Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)||Heavy metals||Sulphates|
|Chemical oxygen demand (COD)||Manganese||Total dissolved solids|
|Conductivity||Total oil & grease|
|Dissolved oxygen (DO)||Total phosphorus|
|Total suspended solids|