Family : Apiaceae
Habitat : Bitter fennel is native to the Mediterranean region, found growing wild in France, Spin, Portugal and North Africa (they roduce the ‘weed’ oil). It is cultivated extensively worldwide
Odour : Very sweet, anise-like, slightly earthy-peppery scent
Part of plant used : Seed
Method of extraction : Steam Distilled
Therapeutic indication : Skin care: bruises, dull, oily, mature complexions, and pyorrhea
Circulation, muscles and joints: Cellulitis, obesity, oedema, rheumatism
Respiratory systems: Asthma, bronchitis
Digestive system: anorexia, colic, constipation, dyspepsia, flatulence, hiccough, and nausea
Genito-urinary system: Amenorrhea, insufficient milk (in nursing mothers), and menopausal problems.
Mind/Emotions : Can ease stress and nervous tension
Safety Data : Highly concentrated fennel seed preparations are contraindicated for women during pregnancy due to estrogenic effects.