Concrete flooring is getting more popular for its proven record for strength, durability and cost effectiveness for a variety of applications including floors, walkways and driveways.
Concrete flooring and core material
Concrete floorings has set a great trend and now found in most houses, hotels, from high rise condominiums to basements remodeled for extra living place, and to slab on grade construction. The interior concrete is covered with carpet, vinyl or other common material. And exterior surfaces are usually covered with slate, granite or brick.
Today concrete flooring is coming in decorative flooring which has become quite popular for its design and look. Carpeting and vinyl are subject to tears, staining, damage from flooding and general wear. Carpets trend has been older now as they are allergic to many people due to dust and germs it attracts. Decorative concrete flooring is durable and last for lifetime which is also easy to maintain.
Concrete can be treated with stains and colorants to create a rich variety of hues and textures or stampede with patterns to mimic natural surfaces ranging from marble to wood planks. The floor which comes out to be combines with beauty and creativity with economy, durability and practicality of concrete.
Types of concrete tiles
Concrete flooring has many types which gives your home a decorative look and costs less. Now you can install different types of concrete flooring which are as follows:
- Polished- Concrete floors can be tarnished to a gleaming shine which will give waxed look. Heavy machines grind down on concrete floor gives you smooth and shiny surface. Almost all concrete floors can be polished except older, flawed or porous floors.
- Sealed- Concrete flooring can be protected from stains, abrasion and water by applying a concrete sealer over them. These seals have been coming in coloured seals to make your flooring coloured and more vibrant. A sealed concrete surface will become slip resistant and makes a floor easy to clean.
- Scored- Circular saws make shallow cuts in existing concrete which makes the design look like tile grouts or creating geometric designs and patterns.
- Stampede- Fresh concrete floor is stampede with a pattern which gives the floor textured appearance of materials like brick, stone, slate, tile, wood planks or other types of flooring.
The first step while installing the concrete flooring is to prepare the foundation.
- Layout the dimensions of the concrete slab by setting stakes at the corners of the proposed structure. These stakes offset to the outside of the exterior walls of the slab by three feet which run parallel to the framework.
- You need to make your forms from wooden 2 by 4 and half inch plywood. Just put the forms with double headed nails and use the stakes to secure the forms. The forms are set to grade by following a string line pulled from A to B.
- Decide the depth of the slab to put and the ideal depth are 4 inches.
- Attach a string line to the top of the wooden forms about every 12 inches. The string line should cross over to the parallel board. You also need to check the level on each line using leveling tool to insure accuracy.
- Spread plastic sheet across the interior of your sub-grade and going down into all areas on the inside of the form work.
- Place the reinforcing steel horizontally around the exterior grade beam and tie it together using tie-wire. Keep the slab steel off the ground by using pieces of brick so that the concrete can get the steel.
- Pull string line from side to side of the form. Take short pieces if rebar and drive them into the ground to just below the string line.