We offer our client quality range of Citric Acid mono/anhydrous (2-Hydroxy-1,2,3 propanetricarboxylic acid, in IUPAC naming) a colorless crystalline organic compound. Procured from reliable sources, this white crystalline powder works as a cleaning agent and preservative (or as an antioxidant) in nature. Commercially obtained by fermentation process of glucose with the aid of the mold Aspergillus Niger, it is widely used as a sour taste enhancer in foods and soft drinks. Citric acid is used as a flavoring, stabilizing agent and acidulant (to control acidity) in food industry, in metal-cleaning compositions as it ch-elates metals. Citric acid is primarily available in forms of anhydrous and in monohydrate, the crystallized form water. The hydrated form will be converted to the anhydrous form above 740 C.
Citrate is a salt or ester of citric acid, formed by replacing the acidic one, two or all three of the carboxylic hydrogen in citric acid by metals or organic radicals to produce an extensive series of salts, esters and mixed (double) salts. Citrates are extensively used in food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and medicine industries as well as in plastic industry.
Product Identification :
- CAS No. - 5949-29-1
- EINECS No.
- Formula - HOC (COOH) (CH2COOH) 2·H2O
- Mol Wt. - 210.14
- H.S. Code - 2918.14
- Toxicity - Oral rat LD50: 3000 mg/kg
- Synonyms - 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3 propanetricarboxylic acid, Hydrous citric acid, 2-Hydroxytricarballylic acid.
Physical and Chemical Properties :
- Physical State - White crystalline powder
- Melting Point - 1000 C
- Boiling Point - 175 C (Decomposes)
- Specific Gravity - 1.542
- Solubility in Water - Freely Soluble
- pH - 2.2 (0.1 N sol).
- Vapor Density
- Auto ignition - 1010 C
- NFPA Ratings - Health: 1, Flammability: 1, Reactivity: 0
- Refractive Index
- Flash Point - 1000 C
- Stability - Stable under ordinary conditions
It find application in flavor enhancer, coloring, preservative, food, beverages, detergents, cleaners, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, industrial and chemical processing.