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Copper Sulphate OR Blue Vitriol

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Blue vitriol is copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate, CuSO4·5 H2O. The compound is called blue vitriol because it can be prepared by oxidizing copper in hot concentrated sulfuric acid ("oil of vitriol") It is also called "bluestone", "copper vitriol", and "flower of copper".The beautiful blue color arises from water molecules attached directly to the copper(II) ion.
Technical Details:

  • CAS No. 7758-98-7
  • Class : Chemical : Inorganic : Sulphate
  • Copper sulphate is the chemical compound with the formula CuSO4, 5H2O
  • This salt exists as a series of compounds that differ in their degree of hydration.
  • The anhydrous form is a pale green or gray-white powder, whereas the pentahydrate (CuSO4·5H2O), the most commonly encountered salt, is bright blue
  • The hydrated copper sulfate occurs in nature as chalcanthite (pentahydrate), and two more rare ones: bonattite (trihydrate) and boothite (heptahydrate)

USES


  • Controlling the growth of algae in waterways, reservoirs, and swimming pools;
  • Controlling molds and funguses (as a component of "Bordeaux mixture");
  • Providing dietary copper in animal feeds;
  • Copper plating and electroforming
  • Dying and calico printing, as a mordant
  • Making Daniell cells, a type of battery popular in the 19th century;
  • Synthesis of other compounds of copper;
  • Crystallization of certain enzymes;
  • Fertilizers, as a source of copper;
  • Blue-green flame and firework colors;

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