Martindale Type-This precision built multi-purpose machine Rubs the material in Multi-direction for measuring resistance to surface. The path 1Iaces by Multi-motion is known as Lissaious Figure, changes from a circle IDgradually diminishing ellipses until it becomes a straight line. The multi direction motion can easily be converted into a uni-direction motion. The instrument is equipped with solid stat electronic digital pr&-settable counrer of 5digit. The Standard weight of each specimen holder is 400 9ms.