is a bushy perennial herb with blue or lavender flowers from Asteraceae family. It is common in the low parts of the country, near roads, in dry meadows and as a weed in the wheat fields. The plant is rich in polyphenols, organic acids, mineral acids, fructans, coumarine derives and other. The roots contain mainly inulin and intybin, and the milk sap of the lives and stem contain sesquterpene lactones, lactucin and lactupicrin. From the aerial part of the plant have been isolated the coumarins - esculin, esculetin and cichoriin, the flavonoids - apigenin and routin, hickory acid, santonin and others.
In the folk medicine, the Cichory has been used as a brew, internally in cases of liver diseases, hepatitis, spleen hypertrophy and kidney diseases, and externally in cases of skin rash.
Dry extract from Cichorium intybus L.
Definition: Product from the aerial part of the plant Cichorium intybus.
Characteristics: Green brown to brown amorphous powder with specific odour, slightly soluble in water and in ethanol 50%.
Identification: A, B, C
A: Coumarins - colour reaction
B: Flavonoids - colour reaction
C: Tannic compounds (tanins) - colour reaction
Testing for purity:
pH (10% solution)
Sulphated ash, %, not more than
Heavy metals, %, not more than
Loss on drying, %, not more than
Content of active substancies:
Coumarins, determined as esculin, %
Flavonoids, determined as apigenin, %
Tannic compounds, determined as tanin, % 4,0 to 7,0
9,0 to 11,0
7.0 to 8.5
4.5 to 5.5
Control: The qualitative indices of the product are controled in accordance with company documentation, in which are included the assay methods and their validity concerning linearity and repetition.
Storage: At a temperature of 20 - 25oC
Shelf life: 2 (two) years from the date of production
The dry extract from Cichorium intybus L. shows anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective properties and improves the functions of the gall and liver. It is used in cases of liver diseases, liver hypertrophy, during and after hepatitis conditions, and in cases of contacts with people infected with hepatitis.
It is used alone or in combination with other plant extracts in production of food or feed additives.