The Caper bush is an evergreen , spiny, trailing, capers exporter deciduous shrub growing up to 1-2 m in height. Leaves are alternate, round to ovate, thick, and glistening. Leaf stipules may be formed into spines, this is the reason it is called spinosa. Spinosa" refers to the pair of hooked spines at the base of each leaf stalk.
It has beautiful flowers that are hermaphrodite. Flowers are about 2 inches in diameter,capers supplier white with numerous violet stamens, and very pleasing in appearance. Reputed to be quite fragrant, the flowers open at dawn and close by late afternoon, during which time they are a magnet for pollinating insects.
The delicate, cream-white petals and lively purple stamina persist only a few hours. Moreover, the flowers are rarely seen in caper gardens as the caper bud must be harvested before it opens.Seeds are large, kidney shaped, capers supplier and exporter and gray-brown in color. There is also a variety without spines, from which the crop is gathered more easily and without injury to the hands.
The parts used are the bark and root bark in various herbal remedies. Buds, to be harvested in the morning time immediately before flowering; they are never dried but pickled in oil, brine or vinegar. The main constituent of caper is water (about 85%). The dry matter contains, besides bitter flavonoid glycosides, a mustard oil glycoside named glucocapparin (methyl glucosinolate),capers supplier exporter whence by enzymatic reaction the pungent principle of capers, methyl isothiocyanate, is liberated. Thus, capers resemble several spices of the cabbage family all of which contain mustard oil glycosides.
Among the flavonoids, rutin (named after its occurrence in rue) is the most important. The white spots often seen covering the surface of pickled capers are said to by rutin which crystallized during the pickling procedure. capers supplier The pungency of unripe caper berries is due to aliphatic isothiocyanates (methyl, isopropyl and sec-butyl); furthermore, a pyridine alkaloid stachydrine was found.